My jewelry always starts with the gemstone. I do many drawings until I feel ready to start the piece. Generally speaking, I do not make a prototype because each piece I make is one of a kind. My design sensibility is minimalist and modern, but not sterile, with a very subtle nod to historical styles of jewelry. I prefer a spare approach so that the pieces are not overly decorative, I like the construction to be visible. The settings are part of the overall design. Elements like the prongs, bezels, and rivets become as important as the stones or metals used. The process and techniques are traditional in nature; I fabricate everything by hand. All settings are built from scratch; starting with gemstones, I fabricate each piece from gold or silver plate and wire, and the rear cast pieces are sculpted in wax to make a unique master. In addition, I work with a talented lapidary who helps me realize special stones for my pieces.